Submitted by administrator on
The role of alcohol consumption in HIV disease is of particular concern in Sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA), which has among the highest HIV prevalence rates globally (UNAIDS, 2010a) and high levels of harmful use of alcohol (WHO, 2011). This report contains the findings of a systematic review of published studies conducted in SSA between 2008 and 2011, relating to (a) the associations between alcohol use, sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection; (b) the associations between alcohol use and HIV disease, including uptake of HIV treatment services, antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and HIV outcomes; and (c) evaluations of interventions that have been implemented to address the links between alcohol use and HIV. The overarching objective of this review is to provide recommendations on how to mitigate the effects of alcohol on the acquisition and progression of HIV disease.
View the complete Alcohol & HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: Situational Analysis, 2012 Report