About Ethics Office
The Ethics Office in the SAMRC serves as Secretariat to the Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) and the Ethics Committee for Research on Animals (ECRA).
Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC)
|The mandate of the HREC|
All intramural and extramural research conducted by the SAMRC on humans has to be reviewed by the Ethics Committee. Collaborative research projects also have to be reviewed and approved by the SAMRC HREC and any other institutions that are involved, e.g. universities (locally and internationally).
The South African Medical Research Council Human Research Ethics Committee is registered by the National Health Research Ethics Council. Registration number: REC-050809-022 valid until 30 November 2027.
|Federal-wide assurance (FWA) number of the SAMRC Ethics Committee|
|The SAMRC Ethics Committee is registered as an institutional review board (IRB) with the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) of the USA Dept of Health and Human Services; IRB organisation identifier: IRB00001569. The Medical Research Council's unique Assurance Number is FWA00002753, and the unique Organisation Number is IORG0001163 as well as OLAWA5726-01.|
|Terms of Reference for HREC|
The South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) was established in 1969 with a mandate to improve the health of the country’s population, through research, development and technology transfer, so that people can enjoy a better quality of life. The vison of the SAMRC is “building a healthy nation through research and innovation” with a mission “to improve the nation's health and quality of life through promoting and conducting relevant and responsive health research”.
The SAMRC Human Research Ethics Committee (hereinafter referred to as the HREC/Committee) was established in terms of the SAMRC Research Ethics Policy (REP) with the primary purpose of reviewing and monitoring research in the intramural units of the SAMRC from an ethical perspective. This includes protecting participant rights in research, as well as promoting ethical values and research integrity within the SAMRC.
All research conducted by a Principal Investigator (PI) or Co-Principal Investigator (Co-PI) who is an SAMRC employee must be of the highest ethical standard and must be undertaken with prior written approval from the SAMRC HREC.
View the complete Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) Charter and Terms of Reference
Ethics Committee for Research on Animals (ECRA)
Mandate of ECRA
The safety and efficiency testing of vaccines, medicine, medical appliances and materials, agricultural remedies, vaccines, nutritional supplements pesticides and other consumer products is mandated by various Statutes in South African Law. These laws are intended to promote the concept of preventative medicine which requires such substances to be tested for safety and efficiency before they may be approved and registered for public use.
The South African Medical Research Council Ethics Committee for Research on Animals is registered by the National Health Research Ethics Council. Registration number: AREC- 190312-011 valid until 31 December 2027.
This mandate for animal studies is, however, not absolute since progress is constantly being made in the development of methods for replacing animals in the safety testing of consumer products and medicines.
Any proposed use of animals for product safety testing must be preceded by a rigorous search for a validated animal replacement method. If such a method does not exist, then the proposed must be supported by a specific statement explaining why an animal experiment is necessary.
The Board of the SAMRC requires that an ethical review process be established and maintained both within the SAMRC and at every institution where SAMRC-supported animal studies are undertaken.
The performance of this institutional ethical review process is a precondition of SAMRC support, collaboration and co-operation.
Terms of Reference for ECRA
The South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) recognises the moral dilemma posed by the use of sentient animals (i.e. animals which can feel sensations and experience emotions) for research, teaching and testing. It subscribes to the ethics of supporting studies which pledges to contribute to the scientific understanding of biology, environmental principles and the acquisition of knowledge that can reasonably be expected to benefit humans, animals or the environment.
It recognises that all vertebrate animals are protected by law in South Africa (Animals Protection Act No. 71 of 1962) and that it may be an offence in terms of this law to kill or interfere with the well-being of an animal for scientific or educational purposes without justification which is approved by a formal process of ethical review.
It requires that the “three R" principles of replacement, reduction and refinement be adhered to in the planning and conducting of animal studies. These values uphold the principles and practice of using the most humane methods on the smallest number of animals that will permit valid scientific information to be acquired.
It accepts that the use of animals in science critically depends on maintaining public confidence in the mechanisms and processes used to ensure that animal experiments are justified and humane.
View the complete Terms of Reference for ECRA